Birth: November 28, 1881, Austria
Death: February 22, 1942, Brazil
Austrian novelist, theater writer, biographer and journalist Stefan Zweig, born in Vienna on November 28, 1881, is known for his short story "Chess" and his wonderful biography works supported by psychological analyzes.
Stefan Zweig met literature at a young age and received extremely high level education in this field. Having learned English, French, Italian, Latin and Greek, he also studied philosophy. Originally interested in poetry, the writer was largely influenced by the great German poet Rainer Maria Rilke, born in Prague. Zweig, who translated the poetry translations of Charles Baudelaire and Verlaine into German, then traveled to South Asia and many countries in the American continent.
He volunteered as an archive officer in World War I and returned to his country after the war and settled in Salzburg. Here he married his first wife, Frederike Von Winternit, and lived here for a long time. Zweig spent his most productive period here in the field of literature. He met many famous names. Among these names were great realist masters such as Thomas Mann, James Joyce, as well as H. G. Wells, known for his book "The Time Machine", considered one of the fathers of science-fiction, and Richard Strauss, known for his wonderful composition "Also Sprach Zarathustra".
Stefan Zweig's books are mentioned in many different types of writing. Zweig; Apart from stories, novels, and theater plays, he also wrote biography and essay books. In biographies, which are in a privileged position among his works, Stefan Zweig writes; He wrote the lives of prominent figures in the field of literature, philosophy and politics. The most important of these biographies is the book "Three Masters: Balzac, Dickens, Dostoevsky".
Stefan Zweig, during World War II, was exiled from his country due to his Jewish origin as a result of Anschluss. The writer, who started his first life in exile when he was in England, then went to Brazil and settled in Rio de Janeiro with Lotte Altman, whose second marriage. Considering that the fascist world order brought by Hitler will not change, the writer suffered a great grief and despair and committed suicide with his wife.
I don't know if you know it or not, but Stefan Zweig's life has ended as a result of his suicide with his wife. I think this was the book that I felt most deeply in